The Kingdom title comes from Malcom III, who settled in Dunfermline. His presence in the area and the rich hunting grounds gave rise to the construction of Falkland Palace, now a National Trust for Scotland property.
By the 19th century, Fife had become a centre of coal mining as demand grew for fuel. Fife's ports traded not only coal within the UK but also with the Low Countries and Scandinavia, where they also exported linen and other precious commodities such as salt, from all over Scotland to the continent.
There are numerous notable historical buildings in Fife, including Culross Abbey, Ravenscraig Castle, Kellie Castle, St. Andrews Castle and St Andrews Cathedral, all of which are located either on or very close to the Fife Coastal Path.
Many of these and other buildings of note in Fife are managed by the National Trust for Scotland and Historic Environment Scotland.